“Order of St Michael and St George”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3AOrder_of_Saint_Michael_and_Saint_George_grand_cross_collar_badge_%28United_Kingdom_1870-1900%29_-_Tallinn_Museum_of_Orders.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_St_Michael_and_St_George

“The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince of Wales (the future George IV), while he was acting as prince regent for his father, King George III.”


“King’s Consent”

“UK and Commonwealth parliamentary convention”

“In the UK and certain other Commonwealth countries, King’s Consent is a parliamentary convention under which Crown consent is sought whenever a proposed parliamentary bill will affect the Crown’s own prerogatives or interests (hereditary revenues, personal property, estates, or other interests). Prince’s Consent is a similar doctrine, under which consent of the Prince of Wales must be obtained for matters relating to the Duchy of Cornwall. King’s or Prince’s Consent must be obtained early in the legislative process, generally before parliament may debate or vote on a bill. In modern times, following the tenets of constitutional monarchy, consent is granted or withheld as advised by government.”

“According to the 1851 edition of Erskine May, the manual of UK parliamentary practice, the practical advantage of Queen’s Consent (as it then was, Queen Victoria being on the throne) was that it enabled the Crown to protect its rights without having to resort to blocking a bill after its passage by refusing royal assent. More recently, however, there has been criticism of the Crown being consulted on the content of forthcoming bills, and being given “the right and opportunity to shape prospective legislation”. Critics allege that even though the Crown may never formally withhold its consent contrary to government advice, the procedure is nevertheless being used to vet and change draft bills before they reach Parliament. One report noted that it was “almost certain that some Bills were changed before introduction in order to address concerns about Crown consent”.”


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3ATrooping_the_Colour_2023_%2819%29_%28cropped_2%29.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_royal_family

“The Winter Queen: Elizabeth Stuart – Naked History”


Elizabeth Stuart, 2nd Countess of Moray

“Elizabeth Stewart, 2nd Countess of Moray suo jure (Late 1565 – 18 November 1591), was the daughter of James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray and Agnes Keith.”


James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3AJames_Stewart_Earl_of_Moray.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Stewart%2C_1st_Earl_of_Moray

James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray

“Regent for King James VI of Scotland from 1567–70”

“James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray (c. 1531 – 23 January 1570) was a member of the House of Stewart as the illegitimate son of King James V of Scotland. At times a supporter of his half-sister Mary, Queen of Scots, he was the regent of Scotland for his half-nephew, the infant King James VI, from 1567 until his assassination in 1570. He was the first head of government to be assassinated with a firearm.”


James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray

Born: c. 1531Scotland.

Died: 23 January 1570Linlithgow, Scotland.


Mary, Queen of Scots

Born: 8 December 1542Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland.

Died: 8 February 1587 (aged 44)Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England.


Mary, Queen of Scots

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3AFran%C3%A7ois_Clouet_-_Mary%2C_Queen_of_Scots_%281542-87%29_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary%2C_Queen_of_Scots

Mary, Queen of Scots

“Queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567”

“Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland, was Queen of Scotland from 14 December 1542 until her forced abdication in 1567.”


James V of Scotland

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3APortrait_of_James_V_of_Scotland_%281512_-_1542%29.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_V_of_Scotland

“King of Scotland from 1513 to 1542”

“James V (10 April 1512 – 14 December 1542) was King of Scotland from 9 September 1513 until his death in 1542. He was crowned on 21 September 1513 at the age of seventeen months. James was the son of King James IV and Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England. During his childhood Scotland was governed by regents, firstly by his mother until she remarried, and then by his second cousin, John Stewart, Duke of Albany. James’s personal rule began in 1528 when he finally escaped the custody of his stepfather, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. His first action was to exile Angus and confiscate the lands of the Douglases.”

“James greatly increased his income by tightening control over royal estates and from the profits of justice, customs and feudal rights. He founded the College of Justice in 1532, and also acted to end lawlessness and rebellion in the Borders and the Hebrides. The rivalry among France, England and the Holy Roman Empire lent James unwonted diplomatic weight, and saw him secure two politically and financially advantageous French marriages, first to Madeleine of Valois, and then to Mary of Guise. James also fathered at least nine illegitimate children by a series of mistresses.”

“James V’s reign witnessed the beginnings of Protestantism in Scotland, and his uncle Henry VIII of England’s break with Rome in the 1530s placed James in a powerful bargaining position with the papacy, allowing James to exploit the situation to increase his control over ecclesiastical appointments and the financial dividends from church revenues. Pope Paul III also granted him the title of Defender of the Faith in 1537. James V maintained diplomatic correspondence with various Irish nobles and chiefs throughout their resistance to Henry VIII in the 1530s, and in 1540 they offered him the kingship of Ireland. A patron of the arts, James spent lavishly on the construction of several royal residences in the High Gothic and Renaissance styles.”

“James V has been described as a vindictive king, whose policies were largely motivated by the pursuit of wealth, and a paranoid fear of his nobility which led to the ruthless appropriation of their lands. He has also been characterised as the “poor man’s king”, due to his accessibility to the poor and his acting against their oppressors. James died in December 1542 following the Scottish defeat by the English at the Battle of Solway Moss. His only surviving legitimate child, Mary, succeeded him at the age of just six days old.”


James V of Scotland

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3A6th_Earl_of_Angus.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_V_of_Scotland
unknown artist; James V (1512-1542), Father of Mary, Queen of Scots, Reigned 1513-1542; National Galleries of Scotland; http://www.artuk.org/artworks/james-v-15121542-father-of-mary-queen-of-scots-reigned-15131542-213307 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File%3AUnknown_artist_-_James_V_%281512%E2%80%931542%29%2C_Father_of_Mary%2C_Queen_of_Scots%2C_Reigned_1513%E2%80%931542_-_PG_686_-_National_Galleries_of_Scotland.jpg; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_V_of_Scotland

There was also an investigation into the possibility of James marrying his former mistress, Margaret Erskine


Margaret Erskine

Mistress of Scottish King

Lady Margaret Erskine (8 October 1515 – 5 May 1572) was a mistress of King James V of Scotland and mother of Regent Moray.She had two sons with James V after her marriage to Robert Douglas. The first son, James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray



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Benjamin Houghton PassportNumber133473179 has been your King for 35 years, known by many before realisation himself