“Catholic Church”

“Catholic Church”

“Major Christian church based in Rome”

“The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.378 billion baptized Catholics worldwide as of 2021. It is among the world’s oldest and largest international institutions, and has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilization. The church consists of 24 sui iuris churches, including the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches, which comprise almost 3,500 dioceses and eparchies located around the world. The pope, who is the bishop of Rome, is the chief pastor of the church. The Diocese of Rome, known as the Holy See, is the central governing authority of the church. The administrative body of the Holy See, the Roman Curia, has its principal offices in Vatican City, a small independent city-state enclave within the Italian capital city of Rome, of which the pope is head of state.”


“Jesus, according to sacred tradition”


“Jesus in Christianity”

“Jesus as seen in the Christian tradition”

“In Christianity, Jesus is believed to be the Son of God as written in the Bible’s New Testament, and in mainstream Christian denominations he is God the Son, a person of the Trinity of God.”

“Christians believe him to be the messiah, or a saviour, (giving him the title Christ) prophesied in the Bible’s Old Testament. Through Jesus’s crucifixion and resurrection, Christians believe that God offers humans salvation and eternal life, with Jesus’s death atoning for all sin, thus making humanity right with God. The commonly held belief among Christians is the phrase, “Jesus died for your sins,” and thus they accept that salvation is only possible through him.”

“These teachings emphasize that as the Lamb of God, Jesus chose to suffer nailed to the cross at Calvary as a sign of his obedience to the will of God, as an “agent and servant of God”. Jesus’s choice positions him as a man of obedience, in contrast to Adam’s disobedience. According to the New Testament, after God raised him from the dead, Jesus ascended to heaven to sit at the right hand of God, with his followers awaiting his return to Earth and God’s subsequent Last Judgment.”

“According to the canonical gospel accounts, Jesus was born of a virgin, instructed other Jews how to follow God (sometimes using parables), performed miracles and gathered disciples. Christians generally believe that this narrative is historically true.”

“While there has been theological debate over the nature of Jesus, Trinitarian Christians believe that Jesus is the Logos, God incarnate, God the Son, and “true God and true man”—both fully divine and fully human. Jesus, having become fully human in all respects, suffered the pains and temptations of a mortal man, yet he did not sin.”

• “is a human being who is also fully God”

• “rose from the dead on the third day”

• “will return to earth”

“Some groups which are considered to be Christian hold beliefs which are considered to be heterodox. For example, believers in monophysitism reject the idea that Christ has two natures, one human and one divine.”

“Christians predominantly profess that through Jesus’ life, death, and Resurrection, he restored humanity’s communion with God with the blood of the New Covenant. His death on a cross is understood as a redemptive sacrifice: the source of humanity’s salvation and the atonement for sin which had entered human history through the sin of Adam.”


“Sacred tradition”



“The Saints will reign in celestial splendor—Christ will come, and men will be judged—Blessed are they who keep His commandments.”


Predictions and claims for the Second Coming


“The Second Coming Has Been ‘Imminent’ for 2,000 Years”


“Unanswered questions”

“What is the historical evidence that Jesus Christ lived and died?”

“Today some claim that Jesus is just an idea, rather than a real historical figure, but there is a good deal of written evidence for his existence 2,000 years ago”



“Concept of rebirth in different physical form”

“Reincarnation, also known as rebirth or transmigration, is the philosophical or religious concept that the non-physical essence of a living being begins a new life in a different physical form or body after biological death. In most beliefs involving reincarnation, the soul of a human being is immortal and does not disperse after the physical body has perished. Upon death, the soul merely becomes transmigrated into a newborn baby or an animal to continue its immortality. The term transmigration means the passing of a soul from one body to another after death.”


“Reincarnationism or biblical reincarnation is the belief that certain people are or can be reincarnations of biblical figures, such as Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary. Some Christians believe that certain New Testament figures are reincarnations of Old Testament figures. For example, John the Baptist is believed by some to be a reincarnation of the prophet Elijah, and a few take this further by suggesting Jesus was the reincarnation of Elijah’s disciple Elisha. Other Christians believe the Second Coming of Jesus would be fulfilled by reincarnation. Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Unification Church, considered himself to be the fulfillment of Jesus’ return.”


“Christians not only attach theological significance to the works of Jesus, but also to his name. Devotions to the name of Jesus go back to the earliest days of Christianity. These exist today both in Eastern and Western Christianity—both Catholic and Protestant.”


“Holy Name of Jesus”



“Benjamin (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין‎ Bīnyāmīn; “Son of (the) right”)”



“Head of the Catholic Church”

“The pope (Latin: papa, from Ancient Greek: πάππας, romanized: páppas, lit. ’father’), also known as the supreme pontiff, Roman pontiff or sovereign pontiff, is the bishop of Rome (or historically the patriarch of Rome), head of the worldwide Catholic Church, and has also served as the head of state or sovereign of the Papal States and later the Vatican City State since the eighth century. From a Catholic viewpoint, the primacy of the bishop of Rome is largely derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter, to whom primacy was conferred by Jesus, who gave Peter the Keys of Heaven and the powers of “binding and loosing”, naming him as the “rock” upon which the Church would be built. The current pope is Francis, who was elected on 13 March 2013.”


“Pope Francis”

“Head of the Catholic Church since 2013”

“Pope Francis (Latin: Franciscus; Italian: Francesco; Spanish: Francisco; born Jorge Mario Bergoglio; 17 December 1936) is the head of the Catholic Church, the bishop of Rome and sovereign of the Vatican City State. He is the first pope to be a member of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), the first from the Americas, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, and the first to be born or raised outside Europe since the 8th-century papacy of the Syrian Pope Gregory III.”


Catholic Church sex abuse cases.